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Shillong Accord 16 Point Agreement

The Shillong Accord 16 Point Agreement: A Historic Peace Treaty

The Shillong Accord is a historic peace treaty that was signed on 10 November 1975 between the Government of India and the leaders of the North East states of Assam, Meghalaya, Nagaland, and Manipur. The 16-point agreement aimed to bring an end to the decades-long insurgency and unrest in the region and paved the way for the withdrawal of the Armed Forces (Special Powers) Act (AFSPA) in certain areas.

The agreement was signed in Shillong, the capital city of Meghalaya, after months of negotiations between the government and the leaders of various insurgent groups. The accord recognized the unique identity and aspirations of the people of the North East and promised to safeguard their cultural and linguistic rights.

The 16-point agreement addressed several key issues, including the formation of elected regional councils, a special development package for the North East region, the release of political prisoners, and the establishment of a commission to examine the issue of border disputes.

One of the most significant outcomes of the Shillong Accord was the withdrawal of the AFSPA in certain areas of the North East. The AFSPA had been in force in the region since the 1950s and had been criticized for its excessive use of force and human rights violations. The withdrawal of the AFSPA in certain areas was seen as a major victory for the people of the North East and a step towards restoring their civil liberties.

Despite its historic significance, the Shillong Accord has been criticized by some for its failure to address the root causes of the insurgency in the North East. Some argue that the accord did not go far enough in addressing the socio-economic and political grievances of the people of the region. Nonetheless, the accord remains a landmark achievement in the history of India and the North East.

Today, more than four decades after the signing of the Shillong Accord, the North East region of India remains a complex and diverse region, with its own unique challenges and opportunities. The legacy of the accord continues to be felt in the region, where people continue to strive for peace, development, and democracy.

In conclusion, the Shillong Accord 16-point agreement remains a crucial moment in India`s history, especially in the context of the North East region. It has helped to bring about a greater degree of stability and peace – however, it is important to acknowledge its limitations and also continue to work towards achieving a more equitable and just society, particularly for the people of North East India.

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